By: Owen Jarus, Live Science Contributor Published: 10/12/2012 AM EDT on Live Science A huge geoglyph in the shape of an elk or deer discovered in Russia may predate Peru's famous Nazca Lines by thousands of years.
The animal-shaped stone structure, located near Lake Zjuratkul in the Ural Mountains, north of Kazakhstan, has an elongated muzzle, four legs and two antlers.
Prominent dendrochronologists and archeologists established that the statue is 11,000 years old, dating to the start of the Holocene period at the end of the last Ice Age and beginning of the present era.
The scientific community will probably have to revise the prevailing opinion that almost everything, starting from crop farming to philosophical perceptions of the world, was brought to Europe by ancient Middle Eastern farmers.
Mikhail Zhilin, a leading researcher at the Russian Academy of Science's Institute of Archeology, is convinced that hunter-gatherers who lived in the Urals and Siberian forests 11,000 years ago exhibited a high level of development.
“They lived in harmony with the environment and knew far more about it than modern people can imagine,” Zhilin told RBTH.
Visit the Sofiisko-Uspensky Cathedral, the Gostiny Dvor shopping arcade, the prison castle and the Treasury Chamber (Swedish Chamber), which was built in the 18th century by Swedish prisoners.
Conclude with a visit to the old Zavalny Cemetery, where many interesting graves have survived, and a monument to Yermak, who led the Russian conquest of Siberia.
He wanted to establish the age of the sculpture using the most advanced equipment available, and tests subsequently showed that the idol was older than previously thought, in fact dating to 11,000 years ago.Always confirm the information provided here directly with your airline.New tests and studies of the mysterious Shigir Idol may force us to rethink history.Scientists now believe that the development of European culture came not only from the Middle East, but also from the Urals region in Russia.In August 2015, the Shigir Idol was recognized as the world’s oldest known wooden sculpture.Together with archaeological and paleopedological data, 14C dating helped to clarify and, in general, to confirm the 3-stage periodization of the Pit-Grave culture in the Volga-Ural interfluve: the early (Repino) stage, 4000–3300 BC; the advanced (classical) stage, 3300–2600 BC, which is divided into substages A and B at 3300–29–2600 BC, respectively; and the late (Poltavkinsky) stage, 2600–2300 BC.